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Jan 13

patients in the Atrial Fibrillation and Congestive Heart Failure (AF–CHF)

A retrospective study of patients in the Atrial Fibrillation and Congestive Heart Failure (AF–CHF) trial suggests that four signs of congestion on physical examination—peripheral edema, jugular venous distension, a third heart sound, and pulmonary rales—offer useful prognostic information beyond that obtained from standard clinical, ECG, or echo parameters. Each sign of congestion was associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular mortality, all–cause mortality, and heart–failure–related death over a mean follow-up of 37 months. The study was published online January 8, 2014 in JACC: Heart Failure.

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