Monthly Archive: July 2016

Jul 25

History of heart failure indicates poor survival post-CABG

n a study published online July 13, 2016 in JAMA Cardiology, a history of heart failure (HF) was an important risk factor for poor short-term and long-term outcomes after CABG regardless of preoperative ejection fraction (EF). Reduced EF more than doubled the risk of early death after CABG. All-cause mortality 30 days after surgery was …

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Jul 24

Assessing the clinical profile and prognosis in patients with heart failure with recovered ejection fraction

A recent study evaluated whether patients with heart failure who recover left ventricular ejection fraction (Rec-HF) have a distinct clinical profile and prognosis in contrast to those with heart failure and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction or heart failure and preserved left ventricular ejection fraction. The results printed in the journal of Cardiology showed that …

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Jul 22

Treating HFrEF with sacubitril/valsartan reduces all-cause and heart-failure readmissions

Findings based on data from the Prospective Comparison of ARNI With an ACE-Inhibitor to Determine Impact on Global Mortality and Morbidity in Heart Failure (PARADIGM-HF) trial show that treating patients with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) with the angiotensin receptor-neprilysin inhibitor (ARNI) sacubitril/valsartan (Entresto, Novartis) led to a 26% lower rate of 30-day …

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Jul 16

Long sedentary time increases risk of cardiovascular disease

A meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies found a nonlinear association with cardiovascular disease (CVD) such as coronary heart disease, myocardial infarction, stroke, and CVD-related death, suggesting that 10 hours a day might be a critical threshold. Compared with low levels of sedentary time (median 2.5 hours per day), intermediate levels (median 7.5 hours per day) …

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Jul 12

Analyzing the risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease in individuals with familial hypercholesterolemia

Recently, an analysis was conducted in the individuals of the United States with a heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) phenotype to determine the long-term risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) and total atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). The FH phenotype was defined by a low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol concentration of ≥ 190 mg/dl while the referent value …

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Jul 12

Mortality and tachyarrhythmic episodes of variant angina with and without aborted sudden cardiac death

A multicenter retrospective analysis that assessed the long-term mortality and ventricular tachyarrhythmic events of variant angina with and without aborted sudden cardiac death revealed remarkably higher incidence of cardiac death in patients with aborted sudden cardiac death than in those who did not experience it. Moreover, during the follow up period, the rate of cardiac …

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Jul 12

Cardiovascular risk factors impact duration of hospitalization and mortality in ACS patients

According to a study reported June 26, 2016 in the International Journal of Cardiology, risk factors for cardiovascular disease such as diabetes, both type 1 and 2, hypertension, hyperlipidemia have a significant and varied impact on duration of hospitalization and mortality in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and it may be inappropriate to group …

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Jul 07

Men are at greater risk of sudden cardiac death than women

Results from the long-running Framingham Heart Study published June 29, 2016 in the Journal of the American Heart Association says that men have at least twice the risk of dying from sudden cardiac death (SCD) than women, at all ages. Those with greater aggregate risk factor burden, or blood pressure level alone had a higher …

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Jul 04

Role of 2D speckle-tracking echocardiography in identifying left atrial strain in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction

Two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography (2D-STE) has recently emerged as a useful tool for quantifying left atrium deformation dynamics. The current study published in the Herz Journal assessed the use of this tool in diagnosing heart failure with preserved ejection fraction as this syndrome is associated with impaired left atrial volume and function. The results established the …

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Jul 03

Family history biggest predictor of cardiac events in people with psoriasis

People with psoriasis are more likely to suffer myocardial infarction and stroke when they have a family history of cardiovascular problems, says a new Danish study reported in the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, online June 7. And, psoriasis was not found to be associated with a higher risk of MI or stroke …

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