Monthly Archive: February 2014

Feb 27

The American Academy of Neurology has issued new guidelines on the prevention of stroke in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF)

The American Academy of Neurology has issued new guidelines on the prevention of stroke in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). The guidelines, published in the February 25 issue of Neurology, have particular emphasis on clinical judgment.

Feb 27

A new meta–analysis in JAMA Internal Medicine suggests that eating a vegetarian diet is associated with reductions in blood pressure on par with adopting the DASH (low–sodium) diet

A new meta–analysis in JAMA Internal Medicine suggests that eating a vegetarian diet is associated with reductions in blood pressure on par with adopting the DASH (low–sodium) diet, and roughly half that of starting pharmaceutical treatment,.

Feb 26

Primary care physicians may be dropping the ball on getting young adults with hypertension the medication they need to control their blood pressure

Primary care physicians may be dropping the ball on getting young adults with hypertension the medication they need to control their blood pressure, a retrospective study in the Journal of General Internal Medicine showed. The rate of starting antihypertensive medications or achieving blood pressure control without drugs was relatively low across age groups, but it …

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Feb 26

In a meta–analysis including about 4900 patients, programming implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs)

In a meta–analysis including about 4900 patients, programming implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) to delay the time they take to treat ventricular arrhythmias i.e. with prolonged detection times—cut mortality by 23% and inappropriate shocks by more than one–half. The included studies were prospective and multicenter and covered both primary and secondary prevention and patients with either …

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Feb 25

The largest ever trial of adult stem cell therapy in heart attack patients has begun at The London Chest Hospital in the UK

The largest ever trial of adult stem cell therapy in heart attack patients has begun at The London Chest Hospital in the UK. The stem cell trial – titled “The effect of intracoronary reinfusion of bone marrow–derived mononuclear cells (BM-MNC) on all–cause mortality in acute myocardial infarction,” or “BAMI” for short – has been made …

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Feb 25

Results from a small, single–center trial reported in the February issue of JACC

Results from a small, single–center trial reported in the February issue of JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions suggest that for patients with symptomatic or asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis, stenting and endarterectomy appear to be equally effective for preventing ipsilateral stroke over the long term. But, though there was no difference in that outcome, the rate of fatal …

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Feb 24

The first mobile stroke unit in the US: If you have a stroke within about 3 miles of Memorial Hermann-Texas Medical Center in Houston

The first mobile stroke unit in the US: If you have a stroke within about 3 miles of Memorial Hermann-Texas Medical Center in Houston, you might end up in the first mobile stroke unit in the U.S., which is scheduled to begin treating patients within weeks. The unit ––a standard ambulance equipped with a CT …

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Feb 24

A European pilot study of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF)

A European pilot study of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) undergoing catheter ablation reveals that just over 40% of patients are free from AF at one year without the use of antiarrhythmic medications. AF patients with paroxysmal AF had higher success rates than those with persistent or long–lasting persistent AF, according to the authors of …

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Feb 23

In a study in Circulation: Cardiovascular Imaging, complex left atrial appendage (In a study in Circulation: Cardiovascular Imaging, complex left atrial appendage (LAA))

In a study in Circulation: Cardiovascular Imaging, complex left atrial appendage (LAA) morphology was a risk factor for LAA thrombus in a prospective series of patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), independent of clinical predictors and echocardiographic markers of blood stasis. Patients with LAA thrombi were overwhelmingly more likely to show three or more LAA lobes …

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Feb 23

One–year mortality in MI patients is significantly higher in those with underlying chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

One–year mortality in MI patients is significantly higher in those with underlying chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) than in patients with no underlying lung disease, data from a large Swedish registry show. Strikingly, however, this increased risk falls substantially in analyses that controlled for both comorbidities and treatment patterns, pointing to significant undertreatment of cardiovascular …

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